Membres | Membres statutaires

Vera Dorofeeva-Lichtmann

Chargée de recherche CNRS
Laboratoire(s) de rattachement : UMR 8173 Chine Corée Japon

Directrice du Centre de recherches sur le Japon
Directrice adjointe de l'UMR 8173 Chine Corée Japon

Coordonnées professionnelles

CRJ-EHESS

54 boulevard Raspail 75006 Paris

lichtman[at]ehess.fr

01 49 54 20 09

Page personnelle

Research interests

  • Conceptions of terrestrial space in the emerging Chinese Empire (the late Warring States period through the Han dynasty, 4th century BC – 2nd century AD) – their nature, structure and functions, descriptive and graphic forms of spatial representation.

  • The impact of early spatial concepts on Chinese maps, in particular, cartography of the Song dynasty (960-1279) related to classical texts. Revisions of spatial concepts, beginning from cartography of the Yuan dynasty (1271-1368).

Types of conceptions of terrestrial space

  • The imperial conception of “terrestrial organisation” (di li): an administrative division of the empire established by the emperor and symbolising cosmic order (treatises on “terrestrial organisation” in dynastic histories).

  • spiritual landscape: a landscape structured according to a spatial distribution of divine powers (the “Itineraries of Mountains and Seas” - Shan hai jing, compiled ca. 1st BC).

Forms of their representation

  • Early Chinese texts shaped as cardinally-oriented schemes: textual cosmograms combining a description of space and its graphic representation.

  • Maps derived from early Chinese texts (extant maps dating from the 12th AD onwards): ancient conceptions of space revisited and revised.  Historical maps and surviving contemporary maps of the Chinese empire in Song (960-1279 AD) and later cartography. Traces of Chinese cartographical images in Western maps of East Asia.

Thème de recherche

  • Conceptions de l’espace terrestre dans l’Empire Chinois émergeant (la période des Royaumes Combattants et la dynastie des Han ; 4e siècle avant J.C. – 2e siècle après J.C.) : leurs nature, structure et fonctions, formes descriptives et graphiques de représentation.

  • L’impact des concepts spatiaux anciens sur la cartographie chinoise, en particulier, les cartes de la dynastie des Song (960-1279) reliées aux textes classiques. Révisions des concepts spatiaux, à partir de la cartographie des dynasties des Yuan (1271-1368) et des Ming (1368-1644).

Types des conceptions de l’espace terrestre

  • La conception impériale de l’« organisation terrestre » (di li) : la division administrative de l’empire établie par l’empereur et symbolisant l’ordre cosmique (traités sur l’« organisation terrestre » dans les histoires dynastiques).

  • Un paysage spirituel : un paysage structuré selon la distribution spatiale des pouvoirs divins (les « Itinéraires des Montagnes et des Mers », compilé env. 1er siècle avant J.C.).

Formes de leurs représentation

  • Corpus des textes chinois anciens structurés selon des modèles spatiaux :cosmogrammes textuels qui combinent une description de l’espace et sa représentation graphique.

  • Cartes dérivées à partir des textes chinois anciens (les cartes existant à partir du 12e siècle) : les anciennes conceptions de l’espace revisitées et révisées. Les cartes historiques et les cartes de l’empire Chinois contemporaines, dans la cartographie sous les Song (960-1279) et postérieures. Les traces des images cartographiques chinoises dans les cartes occidentales de l’Asie Orientale.

Publications

Edited Collections of Papers

1. Modèles et structures des textes Chinois Anciens: les formalistes soviétiques en sinologie, co-edited with Karine Chemla and Alexeï Volkov (Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident 13 [1991]).
http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/issue/oroc_0754-5010_1991_num_13_13

2. Creating and Representing Sacred Spaces, co-edited with Michael Dickhardt (Göttinger Beiträge zur Asienforschung 2-3 [2003, special double issue]).

3. Graphics and Text in the Production of Technical Knowledge in China: The Warp and the Weft, co-edited with Francesca Bray and Georges Métailié (Leiden: Brill, 2007).
http://ebooks.brillonline.nl/book?id=nij9789004160637_nij9789004160637_i-772

Articles in Collective Studies

1. “Mapping a ‘Spiritual’ Landscape: Representing Terrestrial Space in the Shan hai jing.” In: Political Frontiers, Ethnic Boundaries, and Human Geographies in Chinese History, eds.Nicola di Cosmo and Don Wyatt. London – New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003, pp. 35-79.

2.“Text as a Device for Mapping a Sacred Space: A Case of the Wu zang shan jing (“Five Treasuries: The Itineraries of Mountains”).” In: Creating and Representing Sacred Spaces, eds. Michael Dickhardt and Vera Dorofeeva-Lichtmann (Göttinger Beiträge zur Asienforschung 2-3 [2003, special double issue]), pp. 147-210.

3. “Spatial Composition of Ancient Chinese Texts.” In: History of Science, History of Text, ed. Karine Chemla. (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, vol. 238). Dordrecht: Springer, 2005, pp. 3-47 (revised n. 5 of Journal Articles /Articles dans des revues)
http://www.springer.com/new+%26+forthcoming+titles+%28default%29/book/978-1-4020-2320-0

4. “Mapless Mapping: Did the Maps of the Shan hai jing Ever Exist?” In: Graphics and Text in the Production of Technical Knowledge in China: The Warp and the Weft, eds. Francesca Bray, Vera Dorofeeva-Lichtmann and Georges Métailié, Leiden -Boston: Brill, 2007, pp. 217-294.
http://ebooks.brillonline.nl/book?id=nij9789004160637_nij9789004160637_i-772

5. “Ritual Practices for Constructing Terrestrial Space (Warring States-Early Han).” In: HdO Early Chinese Religion. Part One : Shang through Han (1250 BC – 220 AD), eds. John Lagerwey and Marc Kalinowski. Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2009, pp. 595-644.
http://ebooks.brillonline.nl/search_results?query=Early+Chinese+Religion%2C+Part+One

Journal Articles

1. “‘Vents des royaumes’ (Guo feng): un schéma géographique.” Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident 13 (1991): Modèles et structures des textes Chinois Anciens: les formalistes soviétiques en sinologie, pp. 58-91.
http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/oroc_0754
5010_1991_num_13_13_1043

2. “Conception of Terrestrial Organization in the Shan hai jing.Bulletin de l'Ecole Française d'Extrême Orient 82 (1995), pp. 57-110.
http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/befeo_0336-1519_1995_num_82_1_2297

3. “La production de l’espace sacré.” Géographie et cultures 18 (été 1996), pp. 3-30.
http://www.editions-harmattan.fr/index.asp?navig=catalogue&obj=revue&no=17

4. “Political Concept Behind an Interplay of Spatial ‘Positions’.” Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident  18 (1996): Disposer pour dire, placer pour penser, situer pour agir,  pp. 9-33.
http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/oroc_0754-5010_1996_num_18_18_1016

5.“Spatiality of the Media for Writing in Ancient China and Spatial Organization of Ancient Chinese Texts.” Göttinger Beiträge zur Asienforschung N° 1 (2001), pp. 87-135.

6. “Contradicting Representations of the Yellow River Source in Song Cartography.” Vestnik MGU, Vostokovedenie, Seriya 13  (Journal of the Moscow State University, Oriental Studies), Series 13, 2006, n°3, pp. 50-58.

7. “Where is the Yellow River Source? A Controversial Question in the Early Chinese Historiography.” Oriens Extremus 45 (2005-2006), pp. 68-90.
http://oriens-extremus.org/de/archive/
www.pucsp.br/pos/cesima/v.4/veralichtmann.pdf

8. “The Rong Cheng shi version of the “Nine Provinces”: Some Parallels with Transmitted Texts,” East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine 32 (2010): 13-58.
http://www.eastm.org/index.php/journal/article/view/347

9. “A History of a Spatial Relationship: Kunlun Mountain and the Yellow River Source from Chinese Cosmography through to Western Cartography.” Circumscribere (International Journal for the History of Science), Vol. 11 (2012), pp. 1-31
http://revistas.pucsp.br/index.php/circumhc/issue/view/631/showToc

10. “The Rong Cheng shi Description of Yu’s labours and Transmitted Versions: Fusion or Confusion?” Excavated and Purchased Chinese Manuscripts[Proceedings of the workshops no. 4 and 5 of the European Association for the Study of Chinese Manuscripts in Paris (2012) and Heidelberg (2014)], Manuscript Cultures (journal of the Sonderforschungsbereich of the same name), Hamburg (forthcoming 2015).

11. “Spatial arrangement of Healing Plans in the Shanhaijjing (Itineraries of Mountains and Seas, comp. 1stcentury BC).” In: Circumscribere (International Journal for the History of Science http://revistas.pucsp.br/circumhc), special issue Materia Medica and Pharmacy: Medicinal Virtues to the Active Principles of Plants, eds. Marcia Ferraz and Patricia Aceves (forthcoming 2015).

In Chinese

“‘Shan hai jing’ de diyu xingzhi guannian 《山海經》的地域形制觀念(Conception of terrestrial organization in the “Classic of Mountains and Seas”)”. 曆史地理Lishi dili (Historical geography) 17 (2001), pp. 434-44 (translation of n° 2 above).

Encyclopaedia entries

1. “I testi geografici ufficiali dalla dinastia Han alla dinastia Tang.”In: Enciclopedia Italiana, Storia della Scienza, ed. Sandro Petruccioli, vol. II, “La scienza in Cina”, eds. Karine Chemla, Francesca Bray, Fu Daiwie, Huang Yi-Long and Georges Métailié. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, 2001, pp. 190-197.

2. “Il Classico dei monti e dei mari (Shanhai jing) e la concezione dell’‘organizzazione terrestre’.” In: Enciclopedia Italiana, Storia della Scienza, ed. Sandro Petruccioli, vol. II, “La scienza in Cina”, eds. Chemla, Karine, Francesca Bray, Fu Daiwie, Huang Yi-Long and Georges Métailié. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, 2001, pp. 197-198.

Conference proceedings

1. “Conceptual Foundations of Terrestrial Description in the Shan hai jing.” In: Traditions of East Asian Science and Beyond: Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on the History of Science in East Asia, Kyoto, 2-7 August, 1993, Kyoto: Kansai University Press, 1995, pp. 419-23.

2. “Topographical Accuracy or Conceptual Organization of Space? (Some remarks on the system of locations found in the Shan hai jing).” In: Current Perspectives in the History of Science in East Asia, eds. Kim Yung-Sik and Francesca Bray.Seoul: Seoul National University Press, 1999, pp. 165-179.

3. “Why ‘The Classic of Mountains and Seas’ (the Shan hai jing) Contains Topographically Inaccurate Data.” In: Science and Technology in East Asia.  The Legacy of Joseph Needham. (Proceedings of the XXth International Congress of History of Science (Liege, 20-26 July 1997), vol. IX). ), eds. Alain Arrault and Catherine Jami. Turnhout: Brepols, 2001, pp. 111-124.

4a. “Geographical Treatises in Chinese Dynastic Histories: ‘No Man’s Land’ Between Sinology and History of Science.” Panel S 34 Typological Parallels in Pre-Modern Geographical Knowledge: Non-Geographical Geographies. In: Science and Cultural Diversity, Proceedings of the XXIst International Congress of History of Science (Mexico City, 8-14.07.2001), ed. Juan José Saldaña. CD-ROM, Sociedad Mexicana de Historia de la Ciencia y de la Tecnología-Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, 2005, pp. 2262-2276.

4b. “Introduction” (with Natalia Lozovsky), Panel S 34 Typological Parallels in Pre-Modern Geographical Knowledge: Non-Geographical Geographies. In: Science and Cultural Diversity, Proceedings of the XXIst International Congress of History of Science (Mexico City, 8-14.07.2001), ed. Juan José Saldaña. CD-ROM, Sociedad Mexicana de Historia de la Ciencia y de la Tecnología-Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, 2005, pp. 2259-2261.

5. “Comparative Analysis of Early Accounts of the ‘Nine Provinces’ (Jiu zhou).” In: Studies on Ancient Chinese Scientific and Technical Texts. Proceedings of the 3rd ISACBRST(The 3rd International Symposium on Ancient Chinese Books and Records of Science and Technology, Tübingen, 31.03-04.04.2003), eds. Gao Xuan, Hans-Ulrich Vogel and Christine Moll-Murata. Zhengzhou: Daxiang chubanshe, 2006, pp. 1-23.

6. “Kunlun Mountain and the Quest for the Yellow River Source: A Case of the Eternal Return (From Descriptions in Early Chinese Texts through Depictions in East Asian Maps to Western Cartography).” In: Collection of Papers presented at the International Conference Visual Representations in Pre-Modern and Non-Western Science and Technology / 前現代與非西方科學技術之視覺表現論文集, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, December 12-13, 2009, 19 pages.

7. “Representations of the “Western Region” through the history of Chinese cartography.” In: Collection of Papers of the International Conference Source Materials in History of Science and Technology and Their Interpretation: Problems and Approaches, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan, December 3, 2010, 12 pages.

8. “Sino-Korean Atlases : An East Asian Cartographical Enterprise in Trend of Atlas Production.” In: 李風亞洲與多元文化 : 國際學術研討會 論文集 / Collection of Papers of the International Workshop in the Framework the Research Project Multiculturalism of Monsoon Asia季風亞洲與多元文化  National Tsing Hua University (College of Humanities and Social Sciences), Hsinchu, Taiwan, June 3-4, 2012. 20 pages.

9. “Kunlun Mountain(s) and Kunlun Island(s):Island as a Mountain Standing out from the Sea.” In: 海洋、空間意識與文化交會─第二屆輿圖學國際學術研討會/ Oceans, Consciousness of Space and Cultural Interflow:  The Second International Symposium of Cartography (論文集 / Collection of Papers, Addenda). Academia Sinica – The Old Palace Museum, Taipei, Taiwan, November 27-29, 2012. 14 pages.

10. “A Westernised Japanese World Map (1886) from the Banco Santos Collection (SãoPaulo, Brazil): A Complex East-West Interaction.” In: 東西科技的對話:近現代跨文化的科技交流國際研討會 論文集 / Collection of Papers of the International Workshop Dialogues between East and West: cross-culturaltransmission of science and technology from the 16th to the 20th century. National Tsing Hua University (College of Humanities and Social Sciences), Hsinchu, Taiwan, December 1-2, 2012. 21 pages.

11. “Complex history of exchanging maps and cartographical ideas between China and Europe: recently discovered manuscript map of China in the Göttingen State and University Library (late 18th- early 19th century).” In: 科學知識的傳播:延續與轉變工作坊論文集 / Transmission of Scientific Knowledge: Continuity and Change, Collection of Papers of the International Workshop in the Framework the Research Project Multiculturalism of Monsoon Asia季風亞洲與多元文化National Tsing Hua University (College of Humanities and Social Sciences), Hsinchu, Taiwan, June 5, 2014, pp. 49-58.

12. “Maps in Exchanges Between Europe and East Asia: The Case of the First Printed Western Map of China by Luis Jorge de Barbuda (?) [Ortelius 1584].” In : HISTORY OF MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES:PORTUGAL AND EAST ASIA V:Visual and textual representations in exchanges between Europe and East Asia/ 葡萄牙與東亞數學科學系列會議之五歐洲與東亞交流中的文本和視覺呈現. National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan, November 7-9, 2014, 20 pages.

Revised version submitted for the Proceedings of the Conference “Portugal and East Asia V,” eds. Catherine Jami and Luis Saraiva.

Participation in the Editorial Committees

Member of the Editorial Committee of the “Géographies et culture” journal (2000-2008).

Public Media presentation

Participation in the radio program Planète Terre by Sylvan Kahn [France Culture] “Monde chinois, arabes et européens: la circulation des savoirs géographiques”, 23.01.2013 14:00
http://carnetsjapon.hypotheses.org/2902

Publications in Russian

1. “Nadpisi na ‘Kamennykh barabanakh’ kak proizvedenie drevnekitayskoy poesii” (‘Inscriptions on the Stone Drums’ (Shi gu wen) as a creation of Chinese poetry (with translation of the inscriptions)). In: XV SSC* (1984), vol.1: 104-18 (extracts from the M.A. Thesis).

2. “Funktsiya drevnekitayskikh tekstov, postroiennykh na desyatiritchnykh strukturakh” (Function of the ancient Chinese texts composed according to 10-unit structures). In: XVI SSC* (1985), vol.1, pp. 155-66 (reduced version); Dalny Vostok i Tsentralnaya Aziya (Far East and Central Asia). Moscow: Nauka: 1985, pp. 13-38 (complete version).

3. “13-richnye struktury kak plan (tu)” (13-unit structures as a plan (tu)). In: XVII SSC* (1986), vol.1, pp. 72-81.

4. “Parallelizm struktury i soderzhaniya ‘Kanona Stikhov’ (Shi tszina)” (Parralelism between structure and content of the “Canon of Poems” (Shi jing)). Kolichestvennye metody v izuchenii istorii stran Vostoka  (Quantitative methods in studies of the history of oriental countries). Moscou: Nauka, 1986, pp. 18-46.

5. “Prostranstvennye tekstologicheskie struktury ‘Kanona gor i morei’ (Shan hai tszina) i ‘Kanona Stikhov’ (Shi tszina)” (Spatial textual structures of the ‘Canon of Mountains and Seas’ (Shan hai jing) and the ‘Canon of Poems’ (Shi jing)). In: XVIII SSC* (1987), vol.1, pp. 48-58.

6. Prostranstvennye modeli shantsev i chzhoustsev” (Spatial models of the Shang and the Zhou). In: XIX SSC* (1988), vol:1,  pp. 60-7.

7. “Transformatsiya chzhouskoy i shanskoy prostranstvennykh modeley v ‘Gimnakh Lu’ (Transformation of the spatial models of the Shang and the Zhou in ‘The Hymnes of Lu’). XX SSC* (1989), vol.1: 151-55.

8. “Shi tszin (‘Kanon Stikhov’) kak istochnik dlya rekonstruktszii prostranstvennykh predstavleny v Drevnem Kitae.” (Shi jing  (‘The Canon of Poems’) as a source for the reconstruction of the spatial notions in Ancient China). Résumé of the Candidate of Historical Sciences Dissertation (equivalent of the Ph.D.). Moscow: Institute of Asian and African Countries, Moscow State University, 1992, 28 p.

(Part of the dissertation is published in the Extrême-Orient Extrême Occident 13 (1991), see above, n° 1 of the articles in Western languages).

9. “Regulirovanie vodnykh putei Velikim Yuem v manuskripte Rong cheng shi” (Regulation of waterways by the Great Yu in the Rong cheng shi Manuscript). Istoriya Kitaya. Materialy nauchnoy konferentsii ISAA pri MGU, 4 maya 2004 g. (History of China. Proceedings of the Sinological Conference at the Institute of Asian and African Countries, Moscow State University, 04.05.2004), Moscow State University, 2005, pp. 97-106.

10. “Istoriya prostranstvennykh predstavleny i kartografii v stranakh Vostochnoi Azii (Kitay, Yaponiya)” (History of Spatial Conceptions and Cartography in East Asia (China, Japan))(with Ekaterina Simonove-Gudzenko) [Program of Seminar for Master Students, Institute of Asian and African Countries]. Moscow: Moscow State University Publishers, 2008 (40 pages).

*SSC – Naoutchnaia konferentsiia “Obshchestvo i gosudarstvo v Kitae”. Tesisy dokladov (Scientific Conference “Society and State in China”. Abstracts of Papers. Moscow: Nauka).

Work in progress

“Positions on Chinese Maps”, special issue of the EASTM (East Asian Science, Technology and Medicine), guest editors: Vera Dorofeeva-Lichtmann and Martin Hofmann. My contribution: “Kunlun Mountain(s) and Kunlun Island(s): two complementary cosmological ‘positions.’”

“The “Western Region” through the History of Chinese Cartography and the Transmission of Chinese Cartographical Images into Western Maps of China” (paper for the Imago Mundi)

“Empire as a System of Process-Oriented Networks: Representations of the Early Chinese Empire Reconsidered” (book, tentative title)

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flux rss  Actualités

Le saké contrefait à l’époque d’Edo

Conférence - Lundi 12 juin 2017 - 16:00Conférence de Reiji IWABUCHI, Professeur à l’Université féminine du Gakushûin, professeur rattaché au Centre de recherches sur le Japon en 2017. Conférence en japonais sans traduction.江戸の「贋酒」商品のブランド化と偽物の出現は、世界共通の超時代的な現象であるが、時代や地域を限定することで、偽商品を通して当該社会の一端を描き出すことが可能ではなかろうか。とくに、商標権確立以前の前近代にあっては、公権力の保護はなかったため、民間社会の中で対策が講じられたと考えられる。日本の江戸時代における偽商品については、すでに出版物の重板をめぐる仲間の統制や、薬の商標の模倣・盗用に対する「商標・商号権」保護の獲得過程が明らかにされている。本講演では、商標と生産者や内容が異なる「贋酒」をとりあげ、生産地と消費地の双方の状況をみながら、その生産と流通の実態を検討する。さらに、近代化の中で明治17(1884)年に制定・施行された商標登録制度(商標条例)との相克についてもふれてみたい。L’apparition des marques et de contrefaçons est un phénomène universel qui dépasse les frontières et les époques. Mais en se limitant à une aire géographique et à une époque particulière, ne pourrait-on pas apporter un éclairage sur une société donnée à travers ses contrefaçons ? Tout particulièrement, à une époque où le droit des marques n’existait pas, l’absence de protection de la part des pouvoirs publics a pu conduire les acteurs de l’économie à adopter des mesures d’auto-régulation.En ce qui concerne les articles contrefaits dans le Japon de l’époque d’Edo, l’auto-régulation des droits de réimpression d’ouvrages au sein des corporations de libraires est bien attestée, ainsi que des processus visant à la protection des marques ou des dénominations d’articles face à des manoeuvres d’usurpation ou d’imitation de marques de médicaments. On s’intéressera dans cette conférence à des cas de « saké contrefait » où un décalage est attesté entre la marque, le producteur d’une part, et le contenu d’autre part. En examinant les terrains de la production et de la consommation, on réfléchira sur la situation réelle de la production et de la distribution. On évoquera également la manière dont s’est déroulée la transition vers la modernité de Meiji, avec l’instauration et l’application du système d’enregistrement des marques en 1884.  

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